The Office of Special Education Programs’ (OSEP’s) vision for Results-Driven Accountability (RDA) is that OSEP will target its work and investments to best support States in improving results for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities. State Education Agencies (SEAs) are accountable to OSEP regarding Results Driven Accountability reporting and supporting school districts in the process of improving outcomes for students in special populations. RDA is an accountability system to report data to district and campus leaders related to academic achievement, postsecondary readiness, and disproportionate analysis of students who are Bilingual Emergent/English as a Second Language Learners (BE/ESL), experiencing homelessness, in foster care, or military-connected also called Other Special Populations (OSP), or who are receiving special education services (SPED). The achievement gap is widening between students in general education and special education, among various racial and ethnic groups, and within other special populations of students. Disproportionality is analyzed in the areas of identification, placement, and discipline for each ethnic student group in special education. Leaders seeking to improve student academic performance and behavior can engage in learning more about transformational leadership with an equity focus, teacher professional development, fidelity of implementation, Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS), and Social Emotional Learning (SEL). District and campus leaders who include analysis of RDA data into the continuous improvement process in their schools to examine identification, placement, instructional, and disciplinary practices, procedures, and strategies can improve student outcomes for students with disabilities.

Date of publication

Summer 7-27-2023

Document Type




Persistent identifier


Committee members

Dr. Frank Dykes, Dr. Teresa Kennedy, Dr. Woonhee Sung, Dr. Yanira Olivares, Dr. Sarah Sass


Educational Doctorate in School Improvement



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