This benchmark project emphasizes the crucial imperative of promoting exclusive breastfeeding among preterm and low birth weight infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Despite the well-documented benefits, exclusive breastfeeding rates remain disappointingly low. This evidence-based project focuses on early intervention through kangaroo care to bolster exclusive breastfeeding rates, with the overarching aim of enhancing infant outcomes and mitigating risks of mortality and morbidity. Engaging key stakeholders, including NICU leadership, nursing staff, lactation consultants, and families, is paramount for the successful implementation of the program. The project presents a detailed implementation plan encompassing various phases, from admission procedures to sustainability measures. Key components include comprehensive information dissemination to families upon admission, introductory sessions conducted by lactation consultants, and collaboration between registered nurses and lactation consultants to facilitate kangaroo care sessions. The program also outlines an infant protocol to ensure the safety and eligibility of infants for kangaroo care. Data collection methods, including chart reviews, surveys, and in-depth interviews, are employed to evaluate breastfeeding outcomes, kangaroo care sessions, and parental satisfaction. Although presented as a benchmark initiative, discussion delves into potential challenges and considerations in implementation. Leadership strategy, innovation, sustainability, and change management are highlighted as critical elements for success.

Date of publication

Spring 4-21-2024

Document Type

MSN Capstone Project



Persistent identifier



Master of Science in Nursing Education