Diabetic patients can also be identified immediately utilizing retinopathy photos, but it is a challenging task. The blood veins visible in fundus photographs are used in several disease diagnosis approaches. We sought to replicate the findings published in implementation and verification of a deep learning approach for diabetic retinopathy identification in retinal fundus pictures. To address this issue, the suggested investigative study uses recurrent neural networks (RNN) to retrieve characteristics from deep networks. As a result, using computational approaches to identify certain disorders automatically might be a fantastic solution. We developed and tested several iterations of a deep learning framework to forecast the progression of diabetic retinopathy in diabetic individuals who have undergone teleretinal diabetic retinopathy assessment in a basic healthcare environment. A collection of one-field or three-field colour fundus pictures served as the input for both iterations. Utilizing the proposed DRNN methodology, advanced identification of the diabetic state was performed utilizing HE detected in an eye's blood vessel. This research demonstrates the difficulties in duplicating deep learning approach findings, as well as the necessity for more reproduction and replication research to verify deep learning techniques, particularly in the field of healthcare picture processing. This development investigates the utilization of several other Deep Neural Network Frameworks on photographs from the dataset after they have been treated to suitable image computation methods such as local average colour subtraction to assist in highlighting the germane characteristics from a fundoscopy, thus, also enhancing the identification and assessment procedure of diabetic retinopathy and serving as a skilled guidelines framework for practitioners all over the globe.
Copyright © 2022 K. Gunasekaran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date of publication
Gunasekaran, K.; Pitchai, R.; Chaitanya, Gogineni K.; Selvaraj, D.; Sheryl, S. Annie; Almoallim, Hesham S.; Alharbi, Sulaiman Ali; Raghavan, S.S.; and Tesemma, Belachew Girma, "A Deep Learning Framework for Earlier Prediction of Diabetic Retinopathy from Fundus Photographs" (2022). School of Medical and Biological Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 5.