Upon sulfonation, carcinogenic hydroxyarylamines such as N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-OH-2AAF) can be further activated to form ultimate carcinogens in vivo. Previous studies have shown that a SULT1C1 sulfotransferase is primarily responsible for the sulfonation of N-OH-2AAF in rat liver. In the present study, two novel human sulfotransferases shown to be members of the SULT1C sulfotransferase subfamily based on sequence analysis have been cloned, expressed, and characterized. Comparisons of the deduced amino acid sequence encoded by the human SULT1C sulfotransferase cDNA 1 reveal 63.7, 61.6, and 85.1% identity to the amino acid sequences of rat SULT1C1 sulfotransferase, mouse SULT1C1 sulfotransferase, and rabbit SULT1C sulfotransferase. In contrast, the deduced amino acid sequence of the human SULT1C sulfotransferase 2 cDNA displays 62.9, 63.1, 63.1, and 62.5% identity to the amino acid sequences of the human SULT1C sulfotransferase 1, rat SULT1C1 sulfotransferase, mouse SULT1C1 sulfotransferase, and rabbit SULT1C sulfotransferase. Recombinant human SULT1C sulfotransferases 1 and 2, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to near electrophoretic homogeneity, were shown to cross-react with the antiserum against the rat liver SULT1C1 sulfotransferase and exhibited sulfonating activities with N-OH-2AAF as substrate. Tissue-specific expression of these novel human SULT1C sulfotransferases were examined by employing the Northern blotting technique. The results provide a foundation for the investigation into the functional relevance of these new SULT1C sulfotransferases in different human tissues/organs.
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Date of publication
Sakakibara, Yoichi; Yanagisawa, Ken; Katafuchi, Junko; Ringers, David P.; Takami, Yasunari; Nakayama, Tatsuo; Suiko, Masahito; and Liu, Ming-Cheh, "Molecular cloning, expression, and characterization of novel human SULTIC sulfotransferases that catalyze the sulfonation of N-hydroxy-2- acetylaminofluorene" (1998). School of Medical and Biological Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 11.