Trower and Chadwick (1995) proposed paranoia as two distinct subtypes: poor-me – defined by strong beliefs of undeserved persecution, and bad-me – defined by strong beliefs of deserved punishment. Social functioning deficits are common in paranoia but have not been assessed within the poor-me and bad-me construct. Fourteen individuals with high levels of subclinical paranoia and 14 individuals with low levels of paranoia completed measures of depression, self-esteem, social functioning, and the emotional Stroop Task. Although there were no significant differences between the two paranoia subtypes on social functioning, a trend showed individuals with bad-me paranoia having more impaired social engagement and interpersonal contact. Individuals with bad-me paranoia also showed a trend of increased prosocial behaviors when compared to poor-me paranoia.

Date of publication

Summer 8-28-2020

Document Type




Persistent identifier


Committee members

Dennis Combs, Sarah Sass, Amy Hayes


M.S. in Psychology