Background: Uncontrolled hypertension, specifically nocturnal hypertension, increases the risk for significant clinical outcomes. Evidence on the use of nighttime antihypertensives is scant and conflicting. In addition, hydrochlorothiazide continues to be the primary thiazide used despite being the least potent. Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate instituting nighttime dosing to control hypertension and compare the short-term effectiveness of blood pressure control with indapamide versus hydrochlorothiazide. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study. Participant inclusion criteria consisted of patients 18 years of age or older, a current diagnosis of hypertension, and hypertension that required medical therapy. The investigator documented whether a patient was taking at least one antihypertensive at night versus all morning medications, as well as the use of indapamide versus hydrochlorothiazide. The patient’s baseline and first follow-up blood pressure readings were documented. The primary outcome was to determine whether including nighttime dosing in antihypertensive regimens is more effective than all morning antihypertensive regimens. The secondary outcome was to determine whether indapamide was more effective than hydrochlorothiazide. Results: A total of 64 patients were included in the study. Twenty-eight patients were taking >1 nighttime antihypertensives versus 32 patients on all morning medications. Patients on at least one nighttime medication demonstrated greater systolic blood pressure reduction. There was no difference in blood pressure reduction between indapamide and hydrochlorothiazide. Conclusion: The study findings support the use of nighttime dosing to improve blood pressure management. The results on the effectiveness of indapamide versus hydrochlorothiazide conflict with previous research.
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Date of publication
Newsome, Jonathon S., "Demonstrating the Benefits of Antihypertensive Nighttime Dosing and Indapamide Usage in Hypertension Management" (2023). Pharmacy Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 13.