Postpartum depression is considered the most important mental disorder after delivery because of the high prevalence and the serious negative mother-baby outcomes. Education and support of mothers for postpartum depression are deeply held values of nursing care during pregnancy and the postpartum period (Ladewig, London & Davidson, 2014). Risk factors are the common target of these interventions, among which social support is one of the most popular factors in research currently. Social support is composed of instrumental, informational, and emotional support given by a social network to maintain an individual’s mental health status when they are faced with significant or traumatic life events (Li, Long, Cao, & Cao, 2017). It is identified as a risk factor for postpartum depression by most research studies (Alhasanat-Khalil et al., 2018; Dennis, Merry, & Gagnon, 2017; Hain et al., 2016; Li, Long, Cao, & Cao, 2017; Norhayati, Hazlina, Asrenee, & Emilin, 2015; O’Neill, Cycon, & Friedman, 2019; Pao, Guintivano, Santos, & Meltzer-Brody, 2019). This project is to do group-based social support screening and education on mothers in a family birthplace to examine the effect of this intervention on postpartum mental health conditions of mothers, the incidence of postpartum depression in this family birthplace over the six months, and possibly the long-term benefits on the cognitive and functional development of babies. This is an important project with immediate costs and long-term benefits. Intervention on social support is a cost-effective way to improve postpartum depression among women with various ethnicities, but interventions satisfying the unique needs of each ethnicity are still needed and policies to improve the availability of community support for low-income women need to be developed.
Date of publication
MSN Capstone Project
Master of Science Nursing
Xu, Jingle, "Social Support as a Risk Factor of Postpartum Depression among Women of Various Ethnicity" (2020). MSN Capstone Projects. Paper 42.