The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR) has been used effectively in multiple clinical settings to reduce workplace stress and burnout in nurses. The MBSR’s cost-effective approach to stress management can be implemented into any healthcare facility’s policy. The topic of MBSR’s effect on stress and burnout has been identified as essential due to nurses working in fast-paced, stressful work environments. These work environments lead to increased stress and burnout. The International Council of Nurses surveyed nurses before and after the pandemic. There were 40% of nurses that reported symptoms of burnout before the pandemic compared to 70% of nurses after the pandemic (Bartholomew, 2021). According to Sarazine et al. (2020), workplace stress is the highest safety risk for nurses. The continuing consequences of stress and burnout if the evidence-based change is not implemented include health issues in nurses like high blood pressure, heart disease, and sleep disorders. The Health Risk Appraisal by the American Nurses Association (2016) reported that 82% of nurses blamed workplace stress for their increased risk for illness.
Other continuing consequences of stress and burnout include increased errors, increased turnover rates, nursing shortages, and poor patient outcomes, costing healthcare facilities money (Green & Kinchen, 2021). The national turnover rate is 8.8% to 37% due to nursing burnout (Haddad et al., 2022). The Registered Nurse (RN) vacancy rate in Texas increased from 5.9% in 2019 to 17.6% in 2022 (Texas Center for Nursing Workforce Studies, 2022). The PICOT question that will be used for the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction change project will be as follows: In nurses suffering from workplace stress and burnout (P), how does a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (I) compared with no Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (C) affect workplace stress and burnout (O) within eight weeks (T).
Date of publication
MSN Capstone Project
Foreman, Sherri, "The Use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction to Reduce Stress and Burnout in Nurses" (2023). MSN Capstone Projects. Paper 262.