Post-surgical site infection has continued to remain a significant public health concern. Amid the prominent hospital-acquired infection, surgical site infections contributed to a considerable rate of death, severe morbidity, increased cost of therapy, disability, prolonged hospital stay, higher insurance payment, complications in patient healing, an increase in healthcare cost as well as treatment expenses (Allaf & Navyashree, 2022). Although seemingly relatively low in occurrence, about 10% of the infections are related to healthcare-associated infections. (Allaf & Navyashree, 2022). Knee reconstructive procedures are most common among older patients, who have a higher risk of developing complications.
The current practice of scrubbing the morning prior to surgery seems not to be the best practice. In order to prevent a post-surgical site infection, training staff on the prevention of surgical site infection involves educating them on the best practices for infection control, including proper hand hygiene, surgical site preparation, and the use of sterile techniques. Staff members must also be trained in the proper use of personal protective equipment such as gloves, masks, and gowns, as well as the proper disposal of contaminated materials. Effective training programs should be comprehensive and ongoing, covering all aspects of infection prevention and control. Training should be provided to all staff members involved in the surgical process, including surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and other support staff. Therefore, it is recommended that a pre-surgical wash be performed the night before the procedure and the day of the procedure could lower the risk of surgical site infection as well as other surgical site infection prevention which could include antimicrobial prophylaxis like cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, and amikacin (Allaf & Navyashree, 2022).
Date of publication
MSN Capstone Project
Anderson, Dorathy, "STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS" (2023). MSN Capstone Projects. Paper 242.