Heart surgery is a term that scares a lot of people and rightfully so, as the heart is one of, if not the, most vital organ in the human body. So naturally, one can imagine the amount of fear and anxiety that patients feel when they are told they need heart surgery. This fear and anxiety is not unwarranted, either. Heart surgery, in most cases, is a major and highly complex operation with a lot of potential complications and negatives. Despite this, the majority of the time the benefits do outweigh the risks and patients elect to go forward with their surgery. In addition to the stress of having a major operation, it is not uncommon for these patients to not be fully informed about the procedure they are about to undergo, leading to even more anxiety and nervousness (Gadler et al., 2016).

Current preoperative education practices and regimens have proven to be ineffective in many cases as well (Agnew and Jorgensen, 2012). Therefore, material is needed that can provide effective, higher quality preoperative education. This is why it is recommended that a concise, comprehensive education regimen be implemented to improve the postoperative outcomes of cardiac surgical patients.

Date of publication

Summer 2022

Document Type

MSN Capstone Project



Persistent identifier



Masters of Science in Nursing

EBP Benchmark Study.pptx (3941 kB)
Supplemental PowerPoint with audio

Included in

Nursing Commons