The goal of this review is to show ways in which a nurse can have influence in the patient’s life by caring for their PICC line. The rate of hospital-acquired infections is related to the care that patients get while admitted in the hospital. All hospital acquired infections can and should be prevented. This is also true for central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI). The care provided to a patient with a PICC line, including how their line is taken care of, decides if the line gets infected, and if the patients get an infection. When patients get a PICC line infection kwon as CLABSI, some patients end up getting extremely sick and this could even result to death. According to Perin et al (2016), about 250-500,000 CLABSI’s are estimated to occur each year, resulting in about 10-30% mortality rate. In research from Ziegler et al, CLABSI is associated with a high mortality rate. This, therefore, calls for the need for intervention efforts to aid in preventing CLABSI. Prior research has been conducted on ways in which to prevent this infection, but more research needs to occur so that more nurses can be involved in the prevention effort of CLABSI. Prior intervention efforts have been hand washing, use of Chlorhexidine, use of nurse designated PICC teams. More research could involve studies in which nursing, as a department, works in collaboration with the infection control team to prevent central catheter associated bloodstream infections. My project would fill this gap in research. I propose that by forming teams of nurses, where designated nurses change PICC line dressings weekly and maintain them would help reduce CLABSI.

Date of publication

Spring 4-24-2022

Document Type

MSN Capstone Project



Persistent identifier




Included in

Nursing Commons