Purpose: This project aimed to improve cardiac-surgical patients’ perception of sleep using earplugs and eye masks to reduce noise and light disturbances.

Implications: Sleep is imperative in the post-operative period, and many patients suffer from a lack of sleep. Earplugs and eye masks are a simple, cost-effective tool that can reduce incidences of delirium, reduce post-operative pain, and improve quality of sleep.

Methods: The Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ) was used to survey patients’ perception of sleep pre-intervention. Information sheets were given to the patients about the eye masks and earplugs available in the room and the benefits that could from use. The RCSQ was used to evaluate the patients’ sleep the next day.

Results: There was no change in perceptions of sleep post-intervention, but a lack of subjects was an obstacle. This is an easy, cost-effective project that would benefit from a design change and reimplementation.

Date of publication

Spring 4-13-2022

Document Type

MSN Capstone Project



Persistent identifier



Masters of Science in Nursing Education

Included in

Nursing Commons