It is estimated that 50-75% of postoperative patients feel they are not receiving adequate pain relief (Schneider, 2018). Both patients and nurses feel overwhelmed when pain is not well managed. Music therapy is safe, inexpensive, and has the potential to be easily incorporated into the nursing plan of care (Hole, Hirsch, Ball, & Meads, 2015). There are statistically significant findings that music decreases pain throughout the literature (Ames et al., 2017; Aris et al., 2019; Dai et al., 2020; Gallagher et al., 2018; Hole et al., 2015; Hsu et al., 2019; Laframboise-Otto et al., 2021; Leonard, 2019; Lin et al., 2020; Mondanaro et al., 2017; Poulsen & Coto, 2017; Schneider, 2018). Presently, there is an increasing volume of literature indicating music therapy effectiveness specific to the orthopedic population (Aris et al., 2019; Gallagher et al., 2018; Hsu et al., 2019; Laframboise-Otto et al., 2021; Leonard, 2019; Lin et al., 2020; Mondanaro et al., 2017; 2017; Schneider, 2018). Two systematic reviews (Hole et al., 2015; Lin et al., 2020) and a randomized control trial (Gallagher et al., 2018) demonstrate that music therapy may decrease anxiety as well. This benchmark project will focus on integrating music therapy at Texas Spine and Joint Hospital (TSJH) in Tyler, Texas to increase patient comfort, decrease anxiety, and ensure patient safety after orthopedic surgery.
Date of publication
MSN Capstone Project
Onderko, Rhapsody C., "Music Therapy for Pain and Anxiety Management in Postoperative Orthopedic Patients" (2021). MSN Capstone Projects. Paper 161.