Awareness of the plight of children and adolescents who are sexually exploited and trafficked for financial gain has gradually garnered the attention of the public, law enforcement, and health care providers. The discussion is slowly changing to recognize these exploited children and adolescents as victims and not criminals. Marginalization of this population is slowly changing to advocacy. However, with awareness comes responsibility for the health care system to provide improved recognition, intervention, and referral of this population. Increased health care provider responsibility demands a scientifically based framework to guide the development of health care provider education programs. To date, there are no such frameworks and no best practices to guide health care providers in the care of these children and adolescents. This Delphi study established the framework for a comprehensive, evidence-based health care provider education program that focuses on the recognition, intervention, and referral of this population. Findings utilizing an international, multidisciplinary panel of subject matter experts and survivors provide the content and sub-content areas for health care provider education programs on the recognition, intervention, and referral of this population. Two manuscripts were published in the Journal of Emergency Nursing, the first addressing the foundation of the trafficking experience of complex trauma (CT) and seeking to educate nurses on the recognition of CT in the health care setting. The second manuscript was written and published in the Journal of Emergency Nursing to educate nurses on CST in the health care setting and provide the second foundation for this study.
Date of publication
Miller, Cathy L., "Child Sex Trafficking-Recognition, Intervention, and Referral: an Educational Framework to Guide Health Care Provider Practice" (2015). Nursing Theses and Dissertations. Paper 46.