Desorption of proanthocyanidins (PA) fromgrape cell wall material (CWM) was investigated in solutions of varying ethanol concentrations and increasing temperature. The results reveal the reversibility of PA-CWM interactions and the role that temperature and ethanol concentration play in the extent of PA desorption. Sequentially raising temperature from 15 to 35 °C resulted in desorption of up to 48% of the initial adsorbed PA. A comparison to a phenolic extraction model showed significant differences between the predicted and actual amount of PA that desorbed from the CWM. This suggests that the initial conditions of temperature and ethanol concentration must be considered when estimating PA extraction in red wine production. Under typical winemaking conditions, a significant amount of PA may be irreversibly adsorbed if exposed to CWM at low temperature (i.e., cold soak). A compositional analysis suggests the selective desorption of large molecular weight PA from CWM under all experimental conditions. Additionally, a preferential desorption of skin-derived PA over seed-derived PA was noted in the absence of ethanol.
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Date of publication
Beaver, Jordan W.; Miller, Konrad V.; Medina-Plaza, Cristina; Dokoozlian, Nick; Ponangi, R.; Blair, T.; Block, D.; and Oberholster, A., "Heat-dependent desorption of proanthocyanidins from grape-derived cellwall material under variable ethanol concentrations in model wine systems" (2019). Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 4.