To investigate the chemical and sensorial impact of dry hopping time on typical pale ale, a standardized beer was produced and separated into ten vessels. Nine vessels were dry hopped, and one vessel remained un-hopped as a control. Impact of dry hopping contact time was investigated over 96 h. Polyphenols and iso-α-acid t/c ratio were analyzed in both Young and Aged beer samples. Total polyphenol content generally increased in both young and aged treatments compared to controls. Analysis of the t/c ratio suggests that both Young and Aged beers were chemically preserved to some degree after approximately 12 h at the given dry hopping rate regardless of age. Within the Aged beer trials, 96 h of dry hop contact yielded a significant increase in t/c ratio compared to all other Aged trials. This suggests that a 4-day dry hop regime may yield additional oxidative protection of iso-α-acids in beers stored unrefrigerated for 30 days. Descriptive analysis was also performed with an 8-person, trained panel; however, beers were sensorially distinguished by their aging time as opposed to their dry hopping time.
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Date of publication
Titus, Bradley M.; Lerno, Larry A.; Beaver, Jordan; Byrnes, Nadia K.; Heymann, H.; and Oberholster, A., "Impact of dry hopping on beer flavor stability" (2021). Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 2.