Crumb rubber surface activation and pretreatment are considered as one of the promising newly introduced methods for asphalt rubber production. Reacted and Activated Rubber (RAR) is an elastomeric asphalt extender produced by the hot blending and activation of crumb rubber with asphalt and Activated Mineral Binder Stabilizer (AMBS). Besides RAR ability in enhancing the performance of asphaltic mixtures, its dry granulate industrial form enabled its addition directly into the mixture utilizing pugmill or the dryer drum with very minimal to no modification required on the plant level.

This study aims to evaluate the rotational viscosity of RAR modified binders and develop an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) viscosity prediction model for extracting a stand-alone viscosity prediction equation. Three different Performance Graded (PG) asphalt binders modified by ten dosages of RAR were tested and evaluated under this study. Sixty-six samples that generated more than three thousand viscosity data point were utilized in binder performance evaluation and ANN modeling.

The study concluded that RAR addition has decreased binder temperature susceptibility in considerable amounts when compared to the virgin binders. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the testing shearing rate had a significant effect on the measured viscosity values for binders modified with high RAR content.

The developed ANN model as well as the extracted stand-alone viscosity prediction equation had a high value of the coefficient of determination and were statistically valid. Both of them has the ability to predict the RAR modified binder viscosity as a function of binder grade, temperature, testing shearing rates, and RAR content.

Date of publication

Spring 4-16-2019

Document Type




Persistent identifier


Committee members

Dr. Souliman, Dr. Nalbone, and Dr. Gangone


Master of Science in Civil Engineering