Contrary to military or essential government buildings, most bridges are designed without any consideration for blast resistance. Fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs) can provide an effective means for strengthening of critical bridges against such loading. This study has focused on the effectiveness of FRP retrofitting in the dynamic response of reinforced concrete bridge columns under blast loading. Using a simplified equivalent I-section with a virtual material lumped at the two flanges; a lightly meshed uniaxial finite element model was developed and successfully validated against previous studies. The proposed model was then used for a thorough parametric study on the blast resistance of bridge substructures in the form of a single-column, two-column pier frame, and an entire bridge. The study showed the benefits of strengthening with composites against blast loading. The FRP tensile strength and diameter-to-thickness ratio, steel reinforcement ratio, and column length and damping ratio significantly affect the blast resistance of an FRP-retrofitted bridge. Finally, based on the parametric study results, predictive equations with multiple linear regression and high order terms were developed statistically for the FRP retrofit design of single columns against blast loading.


This article was originally published in the International Journal of Computational Methods and Experimental Measurements.


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Zheng*, R., Zohrevand*, P., Erdogan*, H., and Mirmiran, A. “Performance of FRP‐Retrofitted Concrete Bridge Columns under Blast Loading,” International Journal of Computational Mechanics and Experimental Measurements, WIT Press, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 346‐361, December 2014